What is Gum Disease?
Gum Disease or Periodontal Disease is a common condition that affects every 9 in 10 people. It often leads to the inflammation of the gums and can affect the tissue around the teeth and the gums which ultimately causes swelling and redness. In addition to this, Gum Disease can equate to gum pain, bone damage and damage to the ligaments that hold the teeth in place.
What are the symptoms of Gum Disease?
Periodontal Disease is not always painful, hence why it’s so important that you visit the dentist for regular check-ups to ensure that your teeth are healthy. There are several signs of Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Advanced Periodontitis, including the following:
- Bleeding gums when you brush your teeth
- Redness or swelling of the gums
- Bad taste in your mouth
- Gum recession
- Wobbly teeth
There are 3 stages of the disease and if these go untreated, it can lead to tooth loss and serious health problems.
STAGE 1: GINGIVITIS
The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. It causes the gums to become red, swollen or tender bleeding easily when brushing or flossing. Gingivitis can be reversed if you maintain good oral hygiene by removing any calculus and build up around the teeth and the gums by doing regular scale and polishes, which can be done every 3/6 months depending on your dentist advice.
STAGE 2: PERIODONTITIS
The second stage of gum disease is periodontitis, untreated gingivitis. With time the gums form a pocket below the gum line where plaque spreads. Professional periodontal clean cleans under the gum and removes this hard plaque that has built up under the gum line where toothbrush cannot reach. This helps gum disease spreading but it is irreversible as the pockets have damaged the supporting bone and the fibers that hold the teeth. The toxins from the plaque stimulate a chronic inflammatory response in which the body turns on itself. Periodontal treatment involves regeneration of lost tissue and bone by using membranes or proteins derived from the enamel matrix. The recession will be covered with a gingival graft and the bone will be replaced with bone graft.
STAGE 3: ADVANCED PERIODONTITIS
The third stage of gum disease is advanced periodontitis. When the fibres and the bone of your teeth are being destroyed causing your teeth to shift or loosen and the pockets become deeper affecting your bite, your communication and your ability to eat, then your periodontal disease has become advanced. If the periodontal treatment in stage 2 cannot save them, teeth may need to be removed by a dental specialist. We can provide multiple restorative options to regain functionality, health and a smile with the best aesthetic results.
How do we treat Gum Disease?
We provide Periodontal Disease Treatment to ensure that even the most severe cases of Gum Disease are treated correctly. The type of Gum Disease Treatment is often dependent on the severity of the disease.
Aiming to control Gum Disease, preventing it from worsening, we offer Periodontal Disease Treatment to eliminate the swelling and to improve the appearance of your gums. Our Periodontal Disease Treatment can be used to prevent and treat the condition in a way that’s minimally invasive and as painless as possible.
For serious cases of Gum Disease, we can offer Gum Disease Treatment to ensure that bacteria is removed from the gum and repaired. Our Gum Disease Treatment is recommended if you’re looking to improve the appearance of your teeth, whilst reducing sensitivity.
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